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Once you've created a player, you're sent to the Top Spin Academy, which teaches you the basic controls. Face buttons perform flat, top spin, slice, and lob shots, while the triggers and shoulder buttons act as modifiers, allowing you to perform adventurous drop shots or dash to and from the net. By tapping a button, you perform a control shot, which is accurate but slow. Holding it down performs power shots, which are faster but are more likely to go out if you hold the button down too long. Meanwhile, the left analogue stick moves your player around the court and aims your shots. It's a lot to take in, but the tutorial gently guides you through each type of shot individually so you can master the basics quickly. It also teaches you about timing, which is critical during a match. If you press a shot button too early or too late, your shot might go out or lack power, making it easy for your opponent to return the ball.
If you're playing the game with a Move controller, then things are a little less accurate. You need a navigation controller or a pad to move your player, while your other hand swings the Move controller to launch shots. The angle of your swing dictates whether it's a flat, top spin, slice, or lob shot, while the speed of it controls the power of the shot. The triggers play a role too, performing drop shots and net dashes. The Move works to some extent, but it's often difficult to angle your swing correctly or move it at the correct speed to perform the desired shot. This is exacerbated by a less-than-helpful tutorial that explains the motions via a series of static pictures, where a video or interactive lesson would make things much clearer. It's fortunate, then, that the Move is optional, so at the very least you can give it a try and inevitably fall back on the more accurate standard controls.
Supported Operating SystemsTopSpin 4 requires a 64 bit operating system. Windows 10 or CentOS 7 are required for spectrometer control. Processing version of Topspin is available for Windows 10, CentOS 7 and macOS. Detailed list of supported operating system may be found here.
Free of charge for academia (processing version), the free academic license may be obtained even directly from within TopSpin. The license is valid for TopSpin 3.x and TopSpin 4.x versions. Please follow this link: -upgrades/software-downloads/nmr/free-topspin-processing/nmr-topspin-license-for-academia.html
Most games I have played before have simply asked their players to whack a ball over the net and hope the other misses. While that's all good and well (essentially how the first-ever video game started), there's much more to tennis that is offered in typical gameplay. Type of spin, placement, and strategy, to name a few. So does Top Spin 4 actually feature all this?
All new NMR users at Notre Dame should start with MNova Lite or Topspin. MNova Lite will allow you to process 1D NMR spectra. When you need to work with 2D spectra you will move to a full version of MNova.
Topspin 4 is available, but it looks completely different than Topspin 3.6 or anything installed on the spectrometers. You can install both versions if you wish, they will use the same license file.
Another free alternative for (mostly) Windows is SpinWorks. Although the appearance is somewhat dated, it contains some very powerful spin simulation tools. You will also need admin rights to install this on University machines.
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Harlan: I agree with what you are saying wholeheartedly, except for the last sentence. We hear about ideas and projects that dont work all the time, many times in a very positive light. Its called spin and marketing. Not only until way late in the life cycle, do we ever find out that the project was a failure, the system never worked, the budget was blown etc. etc.
The first principles DFT calculations with the projector augmented wave (PAW) method12,13 were performed. The relativistic effect was included in the calculations. The Vienna Ab-initio Simulation Package (VASP)14,15,16,17 was used in the simulations. The exchange-correlation interaction potentials of the many electron system both in local density approximation (LDA) and in the generalized gradient approximation (GGA) with the same model and same parameters were employed. Two sets of data show that they give the consistent results in the stability studies of nitrogen doped (10, 0) CNTs. Thus for the O2 adsorption simulations, only the LDA results are presented. In these calculations, the 2s and 2p electrons of C, N, and O atoms were included in the valence states. The 1s electrons of the atoms are considered as the core states in a frozen core approximation. Short pieces of (10, 0) CNTs with 16 atomic rings (10 carbon atoms per ring) are included in the simulations. A total of up to 160 carbon atoms are included in the full self-consistent DFT calculations. The nitrogen substitutionally doped CNTs via replacing a carbon atom by a nitrogen atom were simulated. In all of the calculations, the plane wave energy cutoff is fixed at 500 eV. The self consistent energy converged to less than 0.001 meV. All of the atomic coordinates are fully relaxed in all of the DFT calculations and the residue forces are less than 0.05 eV/Å on all the atoms. The CNTs are set in a 17.0 Å × 17.0 Å × 24.9 Å super-cell with the vacuum space separations between CNTs on the sides and along the tube axis direction larger than 9 Å in the simulations, which is large enough to ignore the periodic boundary condition effect. We also performed some test computations and found that by changing the vacuum space separation from 9 Å to 20 Å, only a change of about 0.03 meV/atom in the calculated total energy and 0.0002 µB/atom in the calculated magnetic moment are observed. Since a relatively large super-cell is used, only the gamma point is enough in the k-space sampling. Both spin polarized and non-spin polarized DFT calculations are considered in the simulations. The transition state calculations for dioxygen dissociation adsorption were investigated by using the NEB method.11
The spin-polarized DFT calculations for the short piece CNT were also performed. It is interesting to see that the carbon atoms on the open-edge of the CNT possess a magnetic moment of about 0.59 µB/atom. Similar spin polarization effect was also shown on a recent study of Möbius graphene nanoribbons.22 Other carbon atoms away from the open-edge and in the inner wall of the CNT do not have a noticeable magnetic moment from our computational results. This property of the carbon atoms on the open-edge with a magnetic moment is attributed to the existence of some dangling bonds. In the next sub-sections, it is demonstrate that the absorption of other atoms to the open-edge of the CNT will reduce the magnetic moment of the carbon atoms, because the dangling bond is reduced.
The spin-polarized DFT calculation for the short piece CNT with a doping N atom on the open-edge was then calculated. The results show that the nitrogen atom did not have a noticeable magnetic moment. In addition, some of the carbon atoms around the distorted locations of the open-edge of the short CNT have a strong relaxation and lose their magnetic moments. Only the carbon atoms on the open-edges of CNTs, which still have a dangling bond, possess a magnetic moment from 0.1 to 0.5 µB/atom, depending on their local environments.
The dioxygen adsorption and reduction at two other locations on the open-edge of the nitrogen doped carbon nanotubes was studied. The first case is the dioxygen adsorption on the opposite side of the CNT open-section away from nitrogen, which is illustrated in Figure 2 (c) and (d). The dioxygen is stabilized in a long bridge site on the open-edge of the CNT. The O-O bond length of the dioxygen on the long bridge site is 1.57 Å, which is even larger than the O-O bond length of the dioxygen at the end-on Pauling site as discussed above. The O(1)-C(1) and O(2)-C(2) distances for the bridge site adsorption are 1.34 Å and 1.38 Å, respectively. The calculated effective charges of two oxygen are O(1)-0.91 and O(2)-0.85, respectively. The electrons are mainly transferred from the neighboring carbon atoms. The effective charge of nitrogen did not change. The chemisorption energy of the dioxygen on this bridge site is 2.57 eV/atom. The results of the spin-polarized DFT calculations showed that the dioxygen loses its magnetic moment after the chemisorption on the long bridge site to nearly zero. The carbon atoms that adsorb the dioxygen also do not have noticeable magnetic moments, which are different from those of the carbon atoms on the open-edge of CNT with dangling bonds.
In this review report, first principles spin polarized DFT simulations of nitrogen substitutionally doped (10, 0) carbon nanotube (CNT) for dioxygen adsorption and dissociation are performed. The calculated results show that nitrogen prefers to stay at the open-edge of the short CNTs. Two O2 chemisorption sites are found, the carbon-nitrogen complex (Pauling site) and carbon-carbon long bridge (long bridge) sites. Dioxygen O2 can be chemisorbed on and reduced on the carbon-nitrogen complex at the open-edge of the CNT and on the open carbon-carbon sites. The carbon atoms on the open-edge of the short CNT can possess a magnetic moment of 0.59 μB/atom, which is due to the existence of the dangling bonds of these C atoms. The chemisorption of dioxygen O2 onto both Pauling site and long bridge sites at the open-edge of the short CNTs will reduce the magnetic moments of the carbon atoms to nearly zero. Further spin polarized NEB method minimum energy barrier simulations show that the Pauling site is the possible O2 dissociation site with a reaction barrier 0.55 eV. The unique open-edge structure and charge redistribution are crucial to the novel doped CNT catalyst design. 2b1af7f3a8